The first came in 1855 with the arrival of William Walker. Mr Solis concedes defeat after a manual count and legal challenges. Bryan Ruiz. Costa Rica has been inhabited as far back as 5000 years BC by indigenous people. The political, social, and economic centre of Costa Rica, San José grew rapidly in the 20th century, both in population and in area. Lighter Side. Our love of the country runs so deep, the red-eyed tree frog and hummingbird in our logo was a tribute to its formative influence on this website. Five Historical Facts of Costa Rica. However, this lasting peace was the result of a dark period in Costa Rica's history - the civil war of 1948. It is bounded on the north by Nicaragua, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, on the southeast by As one of the youngest capitals in the region, San Jose's history is not extensive. Related Topics. 1540 onwards - Costa Rica is part of the vice-royalty of New Spain. Costarica History. That’s far earlier than originally thought. Costa Rica as part of the Kingdom of Guatemala became independent of Spain when the captaingeneral of Guatemala proclaimed independence. 29 May 1959. 2000 - President Rodriguez and his Nicaraguan counterpart resolve long-standing dispute over navigation along San Juan river, which serves as their border. 2002 April - Abel Pacheco of the ruling Social Christian Unity Party wins a comfortable 58% of the vote in the second round of presidential elections. 1987 - Leaders of Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras sign peace plan devised by Oscar Arias Sanchez, who in turn wins the Nobel Peace Prize for the plan. Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. The young Juan Santamaria bravely volunteered to burn down the fort. 1989-04-16 Costa Rica beats US 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup. Fast facts and information for students, children & kids via the Costa Rican Timeline. In the last twenty years, eco-tourism and technology have taken off and become top-earning industries in the country. 1986 - Oscar Arias Sanchez (PLN) elected president on a neutral platform. Figueres became a national hero when Costa Rica disbanded its army in 1949. 1991-04-22 Earthquake strikes Costa Rica & Panama, kills 95. The most famous national landmarks in Costa Rica take you on a whirlwind tour through the country’s long and illustrious history, showcasing the fact that Costa Rica is as rich in cultural and historical treasures as she is in nature-filled ones. Actor. Modern politics in Costa Rica began just after a brief civil war in 1948. 1948 - Six-week civil war over a disputed presidential election result. Horse Parade : El Tope Nacional – December 26th More than 3,000 horses trot down the Second Avenue year after year on December 26th to celebrate the long-standing tradition of the horse parade. Costa Rica's valuable crops are sugar and above all coffee until a third, bananas, is added in the late 19th century. Ecotourism unites conservation with local communities and incorporates important aspects of sustainable travel. The holidays in Costa Rica are a time for celebration, and Costa Rica’s native Ticos and Ticas welcome any chance to celebrate. Costa Rica has a land territory of 19,700 square miles (51,100 sq. As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the Spanish Colonial centers of Mexico, Guatemala, and the Andes, and because there were very few indigenous labor forces to help, the first Costa Rican settlers soon turned into an autonomous and individual agrarian society. In fact, the abolition of the Costa Rican military was drafted into the country's constitution in 1949! The cacao bean (from which chocolate is made) was a highly prized and sacred crop among the Chorotega and Bribri people in Costa Rica. This cacao bean was very important, culturally and economically, to the indigenous people of Costa Rica. Costa Rican footballer. The event is broadcast on multiple television networks in Costa Rica. We don't even have a military any more! Most of us have heard of self-declared 19th century commander William Walker but we don’t always know the details of his relationship to Costa Rica. Sep 18, 1502, The Discovery of Costa Rica Sep 22, 1980, Depression Apr 24, 1944, Coming Back Home Oct 10, 1665, Piracy! It pales in comparison to nearby Cartago and is a thoroughly modernised centre of industry today. 4,808,000), 19,575 sq mi (50,700 sq km), Central America. In the second round, they achieved full independence within Central America. Key dates in Costa Rica's history: ... image caption Eco-tourism is important for Costa Rica's economy. 18 February … March 19. Costa Rica achieved independence in 1821 but was absorbed for two years by Agustín de Iturbide in his Mexican empire. While this fact is certainly a blessing, it does not mean that it was a simple process. Costa Ricans enjoy a high standard of living, and land ownership is widespread. When it became apparent that the rich coast was poorer than its neighbors, the colonists switched their focus to agricultural development. A chronology of key events in the history of Costa Rica, from the arrival of the Christopher Columbus to the present 1849-59 - Under the leadership of Juan Rafael Mora, Costa Rica takes the lead in organising Central American resistance against William Walker, the US adventurer who took over Nicaragua in 1855. While sharing with its neighbors the experiences of colonial exploitation and commodity-export dependency, Costa Rica managed to rise above. The Top 20 Tourist Attractions in Costa Rica Unknown Costa Rica: 8 Secret Places to Visit 10 Incredible Surf Spots in Costa Rica Costa Rica: Pura Vida The Best Beaches in Central America ABOUT US Cookies 4,808,000), 19,575 sq mi (50,700 sq km), Central America. Bananas, coffee, sugar and beef are still important exports. Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. Since that day, Costa Rica has been investing in education, natural heritage and developing strategies for supporting workers’ rights. The Jamestown, Va. colony was founded in 1607 along the James River, and the state was the birthplace of eight U.S. Presidents, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. 2007 June - Costa Rica switches diplomatic allegiance from Taiwan to China in a bid to attract Chinese investment. 1974 - Daniel Oduber (PLN) elected president and pursues socialist policies. Maribel Guardia. Honored by the government, her portrait hangs in the Alajuela museum dedicated to Juan Santamaría and the Campaign of 1856. Costa Rica already existed. Relations with the native people became friendly enough that they brought him a number of items of gold, possibly prompting… In 2020 the population of Costa Rica was 5 million. 18 August 1985. This act alone turned the young Juan Santamaria into a national hero who is still celebrated annually and even remembered through the name of Alajuela‘s airport: San Juan Santamaria International Airport. km). Early History In 1502 when Christopher Columbus landed in Puerto Limon, less than 20 indigenous tribes occupied the lands which are now Costa Rica. 1994 - Jose Maria Figueres Olsen (PLN) elected president. The Top 20 Tourist Attractions in Costa Rica Unknown Costa Rica: 8 Secret Places to Visit 10 Incredible Surf Spots in Costa Rica Costa Rica: Pura Vida The Best Beaches in Central America ABOUT US Cookies Strikes prompt three ministers to resign. And that is exactly the reason why the people of Costa Rica love their famous personalities and will continue to treasure the rich culture and history of their country. [6] Coffee was introduced to Costa Rica from Jamaica in 1779. However, it is Costa Rica's largest city and retains a number of monuments of yesteryear, … The indigenous cultures fled to the Talamanca mountain ranges where they remain to this day. 1968 - Arenal volcano erupts, causing many casualties. 56,514 people are reading stories on the site right now. News about Costa Rica, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. [3] In Costa Rica, nearly all Catholic churches face west. In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. A myriad of historical sites and subsequent ruins, containing a somewhat preserved city centre, are scattered about the area. History Costa Rica is unique. The President of Costa Rica at the time of William Walker’s arrival, JuanRafael Mora, brought together a makeshift army of peasants to fight the much more heavily armed enemy. Up to this point, most of continental America to the south of the United States was part of … The Spanish conquest began in 1524. Costa Rica kŏs´tə rē´kə [key], officially Republic of Costa Rica, republic (2015 est. Learn about 16 famous, scandalous and important events that happened in 1502 or search by date or keyword. It was here all along and Costa Rica discovered Europeans in 1502! Find out more about the greatest Costa Ricans, including Keylor Navas, Harry Shum Jr., Franklin Chang Díaz, Laura Chinchilla and Oscar Arias Sanchez. His ambitions to turn Central America into slaving territory. 28 June 1991. Costa Rica was inhabited by an estimated 400,000 Indians when Columbus explored it in 1502. The most extraordinary and quixotic artifacts left by Costa Rica’s ancestors are the astonishing stone spheres found near Palmar Norte and Palmar Sur in Corcovado. Today Costa Rica is a relatively prosperous country with a well developed welfare system. Later in 1948, Jose Figueres started a civil war in which 2000 people died; the war only lasted 44 days and was the bloodiest event ever to take place in Costa Rica. Read more about Costa Rica Independence and the long yet fascinating road Costa Ricans took to get there! The first evidence of human settlement in Costa Rica comes from around 10,000BC (12,000 years ago). 2009 March - President Arias says Costa Rica to re-establish ties with Cuba, 48 years after they broken off in 1961. pop. There were many migrations and influences from the Aztecs of Mexico to the Mayas and the Incas of Peru. It is bounded on the north by Nicaragua, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, on the southeast by Cartago is an excellent city in Costa Rica to experience culture and history without the crazy hustle and bustle of San Jose. Limon was quickly abandoned in favor of the Central Valley, however, partially due to the heat and humidity. It should minimize impact and provide a financial incentive for conservation. As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by, As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the, The Most important part of Costa Rican History, William Walker The Filibuster and Juan Santamaria The Hero, San Juan Santamaria International Airport. Well, that may please Spanish historians, but it is not actually what happened in this episode of Costa Rica history. 1963-64 - Irazu volcano erupts, causing serious damage to agriculture. 2004 July - Three Chilean diplomats are killed by a security guard at their embassy in San Jose. You see evidence of the indigenous influences in arts and crafts available throughout Costa Rica in the form of handcrafted ceramics, ornaments, and jewelry. 1870-82 - Under the leadership of Tomas Guardia Costa Rica encourages intensive foreign investment in railways. https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attractions-g291982-Activities-c49-Costa_Rica.html Costa Rica still has a large agricultural sector including coffee, banana, pineapple and sugar exports. 1540 onwards - Costa Rica is part of the vice-royalty of New Spain. Video: Costa Rica a Ecotourism. 2003 May - Energy and telecommunications workers strike over President Pacheco's privatisation plans; teachers strike over problems in paying their salaries. Even in that short time, this celebration has become one of the biggest in Costa Rica, seeing more than a million people in attendance. Tourism in Costa Rica: History and Development History of Tourism: In the 1960’s Costa Rica warily became aware that tourism could be an important source of income. The History of Palmares Fiestas. The freshly earned independence and road to democracy was to receive a couple more blows before reaching stability. 2004 October - Mounting concern over corruption as three former presidents - Jose Maria Figueres, Miguel Angel Rodriguez and Rafael Angel Calderon - are investigated over contractor payments. These events were followed by an era of peace and prosperity until 1917, when fro two years General Federico Tinoco Granados had power as a military dictator. They keep their maiden name for life along with their mother’s maiden name. 2007 May - Government says Costa Rica on course to become first voluntarily 'carbon neutral' country. Paulo Wanchope. The National Orchid Exhibition. 1874 - US businessman Minor Cooper Keith introduces banana cultivation and starts the United Fruit Company. There is every reason to be optimistic about the future of Costa Rica. Joel Campbell. The result is a nation of laid-back, friendly, and happy people. She came to Costa Rica in 1931 as a Salesian nun of the Order of Don Bosco and worked tirelessly to help the poor and the oppressed, founding homes for the abandoned and homeless. The Valle Central, with more than half the country’s population, is the most predominantly Spanish region in both its manner of living and its ancestry. 2006 February-March - Presidential election ends in a neck-and-neck race between Oscar Arias and Otton Solis. Today, Costa Rica is strongly shaped by its Spanish influences as well as Catholicism. News about Costa Rica, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. You would never know it by its popularity, but the Palmares Fiestas is only a few years old. Costa Rica Historic Sites: See reviews and photos of historic sites in Costa Rica, Central America on Tripadvisor. Home » Costa Rica Facts » Costa Rica History. Costa Rica Fact Sheet. Why they disappeared is still unknown. Mais de petites communautés se sédentarisent progressivement : on estime qu'à l'arrivée des Espagnols, au XVI e siècle, le territoire actuel du pays est occupé par 400 000 personnes [1]. Historical events from year 1502. It is actually a corrida, which means “run,” or a rodeo. It is here that the enemy made their mistake; Walker and his army took protection in a wooden fort. The Chorotega people actually used the bean as currency up until the 1930s. 1985 - US-trained anti-guerrilla force begins operating following clashes with Sandinista troops. The most prominent indigenous tribes are the Bribris, the Borucas, the Cabecares, the Huetares, the Malekus and the Chorotegas. In Costa Rica, it is against the law to hurt the bull in any way. Arrange all the small, but important details of your Costa Rica trip itinerary using our Costa Rica … At its peak, around 10.000 people used to live in this ancient city. Soon after Mexico declared independence General Irtubide was declared emperor of Mexico and tried to bring Central American into his empire. The Guayabo National Monument is shrouded in mystery to this day but does reveal the existence of an ancient society of some sophistication. It's not really a bullfight. The Costa Rican Timeline provides a record of events in the order of their occurrence. The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. Walker and his army invaded the Guanacaste province at the now Santa Rosa National Park and the Costa Rican army expelled and followed them into Rivas, Nicaragua. Costa Rica as part of the Kingdom of Guatemala became independent of Spain when the captain general of Guatemala proclaimed independence. In fact, they had to win their freedo… The people famous in Costa Rica are people of repute who have strived hard to be the pride of the people of Costa Rica. 2005 January - National emergency declared as days of heavy rain lead to serious flooding along the Caribbean coast. 1949 - New constitution gives women and people of African descent the right to vote; armed forces abolished and replaced by civil guard; Jose Figueres Ferrer, co-founder of National Liberation Party (PLN), elected president and begins ambitious socialist programme, including introducing a social security system and nationalising banks. Travel. pop. "With more than 2,000 dead, the 44-day Costa Rican Civil War resulting from this uprising was the bloodiest event in twentieth-century Costa Rican history." A large part of the population identifies with the Catholic Church, and so share most religious holidays, but many of their traditions and celebrations are unique to Costa Rica. 2007 October - National referendum narrowly decides in favour of ratifying the Central American Free Trade Agreement (Cafta). A Little History. It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands. A trip to Costa Rica also lets you discover pristine national parks, ensuring plenty of chances to view wildlife from the comfort of eco-friendly lodges packed with amenities even ardent nature lovers secretly desire. Costa Rica’s seamounts — mountains rising from the ocean floor that do not break the surface of the water — create rich feeding grounds for native species and provide habitats for migratory species like hammerhead sharks, manta rays, turtles, whales and tuna. 1940-44 - President Rafael Angel Calderon Guradia, founder of the United Christian Socialist Party (PUSC), introduces liberal reforms, including recognition of workers' rights and minimum wages. By the beginning of the 19th century, the cultivation of bananas brought in a lot of wealth and coffee soon followed. It is believed that the first settlers came to these parts around 1000 BC and had created a bustling city by 800 AD. As Spanish conquistadors hacked their way into Costa Rica, the dense rain forest was an obstacle to the quest for treasure. Meanwhile, Costa Rica comes under pressure from the US to weigh in against the Sandinistas in Nicaragua. 2009 October - Former president Rafael Angel Calderon is sentenced to five years in jail after being convicted of corruption. 2010 February - Costa Rica elects first woman president, Laura Chinchilla, who takes office in May. Expat Focus. We highly recommend it if you’re interested in experiencing the Costa Rican Catholic aspect or to visit a less touristic area. Bullfights are another traditional event during the Costa Rica holiday season. It lasted for 44 days (from 12 March to 24 April 1948), during which approximately 2,000 people are believed to have died. But the facts do paint a colorful picture of this Central American nation, where democracy has prevailed for more than 60 years , Catholicism is the state religion, the government is stable, and the environment is of great importance. The history of Cartago is surprisingly more impressive than that of the capital, San Jose, since it's much older and also the original capital of Costa Rica. But luckily, rights for the indigenous people have been put on the agenda and tourists can support them by visiting their villages and tribes. “ Walking through the doors evokes the history of CR, and the rooms are filled with more history of the country that helped me deepen my appreciation for Costa Rica beyond eco-tourism. The Costa Rican farmers had the more important concern of raising crops to occupy their attention. However, the country does have an interesting military history. Visit this site for this Costa Rican Timeline detailing Key historical dates and events. In the 1840s the town became one of the important centres of coffee production, which remained the chief source of Costa Rica’s income throughout the 19th century. In Costa Rica: History In 1502 Christopher Columbus’s fourth Atlantic voyage brought him to the shores of Costa Rica, where he remained for 18 days refitting his ships. The few remaining members of these tribes are trying to hold on to their customs and old way of life, although this is getting harder to maintain, and live in small villages in remote regions of the country. 1808 - … Bryan Oviedo. 1917 - Frederico Tinoco ousts the elected president, Alfredo Gonzalez, but is himself deposed two years later. Best of all, I’ve had an opportunity to share my passion for Costa Rica with my wife and my daughter. 1821 - Central America gains independence from Spain. The native population was small compared to the vast Pre-Columbian civilizations found throughout Latin America. 1838 - Costa Rica becomes fully independent. [email protected] Call Us 1-800-969-6853 Help Center Blog Tourism is a growing industry. Unlike many of its neighbors, however, the Ticos managed to do it without bloodshed or revolution. J.-C. L'isthme centraméricain n'est d'abord qu'un lieu de passage vers l'Amérique du Sud. 26 June 1992 . 1998 - Miguel Angel Rodriguez (PUSC) elected president. As elsewhere in Latin America, the United Fruit Company plays a major role in the cultivation and export of bananas. Virginia history includes being one of the 13 original colonies, the first permanently settled region by the English. The victorious junta drafted a constitution guaranteeing free elections with universal suffrage and the abolition of the military. Costa Rica’s history starts with the movement of tribes southwards from North America during the last Ice Age between 13,000 and 17,000 years ago. 1989-04-30 US beats Costa Rica 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup. Óscar Arias. The International Festival of Arts. Along with the other Central American countries, Costa Rica came about as a result of the Spanish conquest, first 'discovered' by Christopher Columbus in 1502. The region grew slowly and was administered as a Spanish province. In 1502, Christopher Columbus arrived at Limon being lost. Costa Rica History, Language and Culture History of Costa Rica. Today, Costa Rica is one of the most peaceful and prosperous countries in Latin America. President of Costa Rica. Daniel Zovatto. Former President of Costa Rica. At the time, about 400,000 ... Costa Rica's First Successful Colony. Festivals all over the country in honor of San Isidro, the patron saint of the peasant, blessings of animals and harvest, as well as parades and markets. Costa Rican culture is a vibrant blend of indigenous heritage and Spanish colonial influence, with a dash of Jamaican, Chinese, and other immigrant cultures lending character and customs. Instead of recurring cycles of dictatorship and poverty, Costa Rica boasts an enduring democracy and the highest standards of living in Central America. As with most native tribes, their numbers are dwindling as their traditions and lands are usurped by modern societies. You don’t need a ton of time in the city, you can spend just one or two days. Simple statistics cannot do justice to Costa Rica’s friendly people, stunning terrain, rich lands, and long history. This means that Costa Rica … Travel Tips … My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. Costa Rican footballer. 1958-73 - Costa Rica governed by mainly conservative administrations. 13 September 1940. 1982 - Luis Alberto Monge (PLN) elected president and introduces harsh austerity programme. While this fact is certainly a blessing, it does not mean that it was a simple process. Today Costa Rica is a glittering gem of the world environmental movement. The golden bands that the region's Carib Indians wore as earrings and nose rings inspired the crew to name the country Costa Rica, meaning Rich Coast. 1987-10-13 Costa Rican President Oscar Arias wins Nobel Peace Prize. Religious festivals and masses in every city and village named after Saint Joseph. Actress. Columbus Lands. Costa Rica - Costa Rica - People: Nearly four-fifths of Costa Rica’s population is of European descent, and, as a result, Costa Rica has the largest percentage of people of Spanish descent in Central America. You can call it superstition or whatever you want to, but in Costa Rica, all Catholic Churches face west. A dispute ensues over whether Costa Rica should join an independent Mexico or a confederation of Central American states. Important information, general facts like geography and demographics, famous people, languages, and history of Costa Rica. History . In 1502, during his fourth and final trip to the Americas, Christopher Columbus landed in Costa Rica. Five hundred years later, the hidden wealth was discovered to be the rain forest itself. 1823 - Costa Rica joins the United Provinces of Central America, which also embraces El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Politician. 2011 March - UN International Court of Justice orders Nicaragua and Costa Rica to keep troops back from a disputed river border. Oscar Arias Sanchez. It wasn't an easy country to conquer, largely due to its varied terrain and the lack of valuable mineral resources. It has its origin here in the activities of Minor C. Keith, who buys plantations and builds railways in Costa Rica from 1872. Only In Costa Rica. © Copyright 2004-2021 all rights reserved. Costa Rica Independence The Most important part of Costa Rican History. Sor María Romero was born in Nicaragua in 1902 and died in 1977 but she is known and loved throughout Costa Rica and soon may be Costa Rica’s first saint. 13 September 1940. 1808 - Coffee is introduced into Costa Rica from Cuba and becomes the principal crop. Historical Events 1821-09-15 Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire 1824-07-25 Costa Rica annexes Guanacaste from Nicaragua. 1561 - Spain's Juan de Cavallon leads the first successful colonisers into Costa Rica. In the first round, they broke free from the rule of Spain. L'histoire du Costa Rica commence entre 12 000 et 8 000 av. 1978 - Rodrigo Carazo, a conservative, elected president amid a sharp deterioration in the economy. 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